Various Artists - Music of Coal: Mining Songs from the Appalachian Coalfields - Amazon.com Music
Kentucky coal miner. Photo by United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division.
To understand the history of the modern coal hopper, we have to start out at the dawn of the steel-car era. In the 1890s, the typical coal car was either a hopper-bottom gondola (flat floors over the trucks) or full-blown hopper cars with sloping floors and horizontal drop doors under the center sill.
Coal mining in West Virginia extends as far back as the late 18th century, when local landowners who discovered coal outcrops on their property opened "coal banks" for nearby residents to access for heating.
The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.The Appalachians first formed roughly 480 million years ago during the Ordovician Period.
Seen from above, the Appalachian Mountains jut from the earth like a spine curving through the eastern U.S., reaching north into Canada and south into Mississippi. For most Americans, this lush region conjures the strum of a banjo, the songs of Loretta Lynn and the gentle twang of a thick mountain ...
Despite the early arrival of the lumber industry and the opening of the coal mines, some areas of Appalachia remained isolated until early in the 20th century, notably those mountain areas of the southern region where rough terrain hindered road building. As a consequence, Southern Appalachian ...
Coal: Coal, solid, usually brown or black, carbon-rich material that most often occurs in stratified sedimentary deposits. It is one of the most important of the primary fossil fuels.
European migration into Appalachia began in the 18th century. As lands in eastern Pennsylvania, the Tidewater region of Virginia and the Carolinas filled up, immigrants began pushing further and further westward into the Appalachian Mountains.
Kentuckians For The Commonwealth is a community of people, inspired by a Vision, building New Power and a better future for all of us. Together, we organize for a fair economy, a
Average weekly coal commodity spot prices dollars per short ton; Week ending Week ago; change; Central Appalachia 12,500 Btu, 1.2 SO 2: Northern Appalachia 13,000 Btu, 3.0 SO 2 ...
Coal has helped power America for decades. It's also a main contributor to global warming, and has major negative effects on human health and the environment.
About Appalachian Voices . Appalachian Voices has been the region's grassroots advocate for healthy communities and environmental protection for over 20 years, and a leading force in Appalachia's shift from fossil fuels to clean energy and a just future.
A new study finds rising production costs, not cheap natural gas, was the lead factor that drove thousands of coal mines across Appalachia to close.
Welcome to Appalachian Railroad Modeling! This site is a collection of prototype and modeling information for those interested in scale trains and modeling the coal-hauling railroads of Appalachia.
LGBTQ INITIATIVE. ACF's executive director will be on sabbatical August 6 – September 24, 2018. We will not be accepting new grant applications during this time.
I was recently asked what, in my opinion, was the number one cause for poverty in Appalachia. This is a very broad and perhaps loaded question. As a proud resident of the beautiful Appalachian Mountains of southern West Virginia, I have grown to detest the words "Appalachia" and "poverty ...
The Joint Spring Meeting of the West Virginia Coal Mining Institute (WVCMI), West Virginia Coal Association, and the Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration (SME) Central Appalachian Section was held in late April, which...
Mountaintop removal is any method of surface coal mining that destroys a mountaintop or ridgeline, whether or not the mined area will be returned to what is legally described as the "approximate original contour."
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'coal seam.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.
Coal River [Michael Shnayerson] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. One of America's most dramatic environmental battles is unfolding in southern West Virginia.